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Are you interested in learning more? Check out the following articles and books on place-based education and sense of place development. If you have others you would like to share here, send them to

  • Abbot-Chapman, J. (2006). "Time out in 'green retreats' & adolescent wellbeing." Youth Studies Australia, 25(4), 9–16.
  • Bishop, S. (2004). The Power of Place. English Journal, 93(6), 65–69.
  • Gibbs, T., & Howley, A. (2000). "World-Class Standards" and Local Pedagogies: Can We Do Both? Charleston, WV: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EDO-RC-008)
  • Gruenewald, D.A. and Smith, G.A. (2007). Place-based Education In the Global Age. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Gruenewald, D. (2003). "Foundations of Place: A Multidisciplinary Framework for Place-Conscious Education." American Educational Research Journal, 40, 619–654.
  • Gruenewald, D. (2003). "The Best of Both Worlds: A Critical Pedagogy of Place." Educational Researcher, 32(4), 3–12.
  • Jennings, N., Swindler, S., & Coliba, C. (2005). "Place-based Education in the Standards-based Reform Era—Conflict or Complement?" American Journal of Education, 112, (1ov), 44–65.
  • Knapp, C & Woodhouse, J. (2003). "Place-Based Pedagogy: Experiential Learning for Culturally and Ecologically Sustainable Communities." Paper presented at the Experiential—Community—Workbased: Researching Learning Outside the Academy International Conference at Glasgow Caledonian University, Scotland, June 27–29, 2003.
  • Martin, J. (2001). "Learning to Teach Students in the Community and Environment." Clearing, 110 (Fall): 10–13.
  • Powers, A.L. (2004). "An Evaluation of Four Place-based Education Programs." Journal of Environmental Education, 35(4), 17–32.
  • Rosenthal, J. (2008). Place-based Education Research and Studies Annotated Bibliography. Graduate student, Curriculum & Instruction, SUNY at Albany, NY. 
  • Smith, G.A. (2007). "Place-based Education: breaking through the constraining regularities of public school." Environmental Education Research, 13(2), 189–207.
  • Smith, G. (1998). "Rooting Children in Place." Encounter, 11(4), 13–24.
  • Smith, G. (2001). "Learning Where We Live." San Francisco, CA: Funders Forum on Environment and Education.
  • Smith, G. (2002a). "Going Local." Educational Leadership, 60(1), 30–33.
  • Smith, G. (2002b). "Place-based Education: Learning To Be Where We Are." Phi Delta Kappan, 83, 584–594.
  • Smith, Monica. (2007). "Place-based Education and the Museum." Journal of Museum Education. Vol.32, 3.  This 116 page issue contains nine articles dedicated to place-based education.
  • Stone, M.K. and Barlow, Z., Eds. (2005). Ecological Literacy: Educating our Children for a Sustainable World. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.
  • Sobel, D. (2007). "Climate Change Meets Ecophobia." Connect Magazine. Vol 21 (2), 14–22.
  • Sobel, D. (2004). Place-based Education: Connecting Classrooms & Communities. Orion Society. Nature Literacy Series, No. 4.
  • Sobel, D. (1998). Mapmaking with Children. Portsmouth, Heinemann.
  • Sobel, D. (1996). Beyond Ecophobia: Reclaiming the Heart in Nature Education. Great Barrington, Orion Society.
  • Sobel, D. (1993). Children's Special Places: Exploring the role of forts, dens, and bush houses in middle childhood. Zephyr Press.
  • Theobald, P., & Curtiss, J. (2000). "Communities as Curricula." Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy, 15(1), 106–111 .
  • Vickers, V.G., and Matthews, C.E. (2002). "Children and Place." Science Activities. (vol 39, p. 16): Heldref Publications.
  • Wilson, R. (1997). "A Sense of Place." Early Education Journal, 24 (3), 191–194.
  • Woodhouse, J., & Knapp, C. (2000). "Place-based Curriculum and Instruction: Outdoor and Environmental Education Approaches." Charleston, WV: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED448012.
  • Woodhouse, J. (2001). "Over the River and Through the 'Hood': Re-viewing 'Place' as a Focus of Pedagogy." Thresholds in Education, 27 (3 & 4), 1–5.


The Power of Worms

Students use worm bins to recycle lunchtime food waste into fertile soil. Students write a children's book about the life of a red wriggler, calculate reproduction rates of the worms, and create a play about soil organisms and decomposition. Students visit other elementary schools to share what they had learned, and use the soil to build community gardens.

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